The Blackfeet
Traditional Culture
  Since Time Immemorial
Homeland of the Blackfeet
All My Relations
Camp Life and Seasonal Round
Buffalo Hunt
Further Reading
References Cited

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Recommended Web Sites

  Relationship with U.S.
  Before the Long Knives
The Long Knives
Making Treaties
The Shrinking Reservation
References Cited

Great Falls > Culture > References Cited

Bullchild, Percy. The Sun Came Down. Harper & Row, San Francisco, 1985.

Calf Robe, Ben. 1976.

Clark, W. P. Indian Sign Language. L. R. Hamersley & Co., Philadelphia, 1855. Theron Fox reprint, 1959.

Clark, William and Lewis, Meriwether, 1806 "Map of Part of the Continent of North America" from Moulton, Gary E., Editor Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition, University of Nebraska Press, 1983.

Corbett, E. A., M.A. Blackfoot Trails. The Macmillan Company of Canada Limited, at St. Martin's House, 1934.

Dempsey, Hugh A. Crow Foot - Chief of the Blackfeet. University of Oklahoma Press, 1929.

Ewers, John C. The Blackfeet: Raiders on the Northwestern Plains. University of Oklahoma Press, 1958.

Greiser, Sally Thompson. "Late Prehistoric Cultures on the Montana Plains." In Indian Cultures of the Great Plains, A.D. 500-1500, Karl Schlesier, editor. University of Oklahoma Press, 1994.

Grinnell, George Bird. Blackfoot Lodge Tales: the Story of a Prairie People. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York, 1892; University of Nebraska Press, 1962 edition McClintock, Walter 1992.

Hungry Wolf, Adolf & Beverly. Indian Tribes of the Northern Rockies. Good Medicine Books, Canada, 1989; and Book Publishing Co, U.S., 1991.

McClintock, Walter. The Old North Trail: Life, Legends and Religion of the Blackfeet Indians. MacMillan Co., London, 1910; University of Nebraska Press, 1992 edition.

Moulton, Gary E., ed. The Atlas of the Lewis & Clark Expedition. Vol. 1, U. of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, 1983.

Point S.J., Nicolas. Wilderness Kingdom, Indian Life in the Rocky Mountains: 1840-1847. Loyola University Press, Chicago, 1967.

Powell, J.W., Director. The 18th Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1896-1897. Government Printing Office, Washington D.C, 1899.

Raczka, Paul M. Winter Count: A History of the Blackfoot People. Standard Book printed by Friesen Printers, Calgary, 1979 for Oldman River Culture Center. Raczka mentions two women who deserve most of the credit for this book, they are Ekistanopatki (Mrs. Buffalo) and her sister Sisinaki" (Mrs. Many Guns).

Reeves, Brian O. K. The Southern Alberta Paleo-Cultural - Paleo-Environmental Sequence in Post-Pleistocene Man and His Environments on the Northern Plains. pp6-46 University of Calgary Archaeological Association, The Student's Press,1969.

Schultz, James Willard (Apikuni). Blackfeet and Buffalo. University of Oklahoma Press, 1962.

Stevens, Isaac I. Reports of Explorations and Surveys, 1853-56, Volume XI. Washington, 1861.

Background: East Butte in the Sweet Grass Hills, photo by Kim Lugthart